Prague has a history going back one thousand years. It has been the seat of kings and emperors and today is the seat of the Czech President. The city‘s mysterious atmosphere is reflected in the works of Prague‘s native son Franz Kafka. W.A.Mozart completed and first performed his best opera Don Giovanni here; the great Czech composer Antonín Dvořák spent most of his life here. Prague also became an important university centre which gave the world a number of personalities without whose discoveries and inventions we could hardly imagine our life today.
Prague contains all historical architectural styles. It is a city that has Romanesque rotundas, Gothic towers and cathedrals, Renaissance noble residences and palaces, Jewish synagogues, Baroque churches and monasteries, cubist, art nouveau and classicist heritage sites and modern buildings fitting of the 21st century. There are the most wonderful views across the red roofs of the Lesser Quarter, the old steeples and towers of cathedrals and churches, Prague’s bridges and the river as it winds through the city with islands and romantic corners.
Prague is never “off season”. It is inherently linked with excellent operas, concerts, theatre and ballet performances. Every year Prague hosts the renowned gathering of the world‘s best classical music players Prague Spring, a number of international film festivals, Prague International Jazz Festival and many others. Prague is a true cultural treasure trove, bursting with fascinating museums, galleries, theatres, and music venues.
|POPULATION||1 272 690 (March 2011)|
|GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION||50°05’19” N and 14°25’17” E (city centre)|
|HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL||235 metres (average)|
|AREA||496 square kilometres|
|RIVER||The River Vltava flows through Prague for 31 kilometers. There are nine islands on,the river in the city|
|CLIMATE||The average annual temperature is 9 °C.|
|OFFICIAL CURRENCY||Czech crown (CZK)|
|ELECTRICITY SUPPLY||230 V|
|TIME CET (GMT +1)||summer time: CET +1 (GMT +2)|
The Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union since 2004. Inhabitants of the European Union require a passport or other form of valid identification in order to enter the country. The same applies for the citizens of Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, who can move freely within the European Union. Visitors from other countries must have a passport that is valid for at least a further six months after the date of arrival and in some cases a visa. The list of countries whose inhabitants require a visa in order to visit the Czech Republic is on the website of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs www.mzv.cz. In 2007, the Czech Republic signed the Schengen agreement. Inhabitants of the Schengen countries can move freely within the Schengen area without having to go through border checkpoints. However, they still must have their passports or identification cards with them when travelling.
Since its democratization, the Czech Republic has made great efforts towards uniting political and economic developments with environmental protection and security. The crime rate is generally low and there is very little chance of a terrorist attack. As the Czech Republic is located in the centre of Europe, natural disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes etc. are also extremely unlikely.
Prague is a significant traffic hub junction, very well connected by all the major, as well as budget airlines. From Prague, 53 airlines fly to 130 destinations in 52 countries. The international Prague Airport is situated about 20 km west from the city centre. It takes about 30 minutes by city transport or taxi. Prague also has three international railway stations and a bus station, all connected to the metro stations. The highway network links Prague to other significant European destinations. The city is easily accessible from any place in the world. Getting around Prague is easy and inexpensive. Everything can be reached within a few minutes, even on foot. Museums, restaurants, historical monuments, relaxation and entertainment - all literally within arms reach.
Bus stops to Metro line A and B:
Terminal 1 – in front of the Arrival Hall
Terminal 2 – in front of the Arrival Hall
Airport Express: Prague Airport – Prague Main Train Station
Metro line C and connection to SC, EC, IC and EN trains 35 min.
For more information about Prague´s attractions, experiences and services, please look at the following website www.praguewelcome.cz/en/
Advanced integrated public transport system Swift and efficient metro, tram and bus connections High frequency timetables Online timetables and journey planner Metro in operation from 5 am till midnight Special night tram and bus services More info at www.dpp.cz/en
Basic fare – CZK 32 (€ 1.30)
ticket can be used for up to 90 minutes on all means of public transport
Tickets valid for only 30 minutes – CZK 24 (€ 1.00)
on all means of public transport
Ticket valid for 1 day – CZK 110 (€ 4.40)
Ticket valid for 3 days – CZK 310 (€ 12.40)
Airport Express fare - CZK 50 (€ 2)
for one-hour use of this line only
Four rail terminals.
Rail connections with cities throughout Europe
All the comfort of EuroCity, InterCity and SuperCity trains
Nationwide over 7,000 passengers rail connections daily
More info at www.cd.cz/en
Prague is a major crossroads for European East-West and North-South road traffic. Highways and motorways link Prague with all surrounding countries.
On the motorway it now takes only two hours to reach the German border.
Efficient 24-hour taxi services
Avoid problems by using official taxi services only
Boarding fee (flag fall) - 40,00 CZK (1,6 EUR)
1 km - 28,00 CZK (1,12 EUR)
1 minute wait - 6 CZK / 1 min (0,24 EUR)